http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/issue/feed JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Iradhatullah Rahim iradhat76@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <div id="journalDescription"><p><strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika</strong> dengan nomor p-ISSN 2302-4178 (cetak) dan e-ISSN 2407-6279 (online) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan hasil penelitian dan/atau ulasan artikel (review) di bidang Pertanian, Peternakan, Perikanan, dan Biologi Tanaman. Serta menyajikan informasi hasil penelitian dan artikel ilmiah untuk pembangunan pertanian berkelanjutan di Indonesia yang dipublikasikan secara elektronik dan cetak.</p><p><strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika</strong> diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan Universitas Muhammadiyah Parepare (Fapetrik UMPAR). <strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika (JGT) diterbitkan Tiga kali dalam Satu tahun, <strong>yaitu April, Agustus, dan Desember.</strong></strong></p><p>Mencakup pertanian umum dan biologi tanaman, yaitu:</p>1. Budidaya (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan),<br />2. Agribisnis/Sosial Ekonomi (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan),<br />3. Teknologi (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan), dan<br />4. Biologi Tanaman.<p>JGT telah menerapkan Open Journal Systems (OJS) sejak Tahun 2015 untuk semua proses penerbitan di JGT. Oleh karena itu, penulis diwajibkan untuk mendaftar terlebih dahulu dan mengunggah manuskrip secara online. Registrasi dan login dibutuhkan untuk memasukkan naskah dan kelengkapannya secara online dan untuk mengecek status naskah saat ini. 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Proses Manuskrip akan melalui peer review dan berdasarkan tinjauan editorial sebelum diterima untuk publikasi.</p><p>Jika Anda memiliki pertanyaan lebih lanjut, lihat <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about/contact" target="_blank">Kontak Jurnal</a></strong>.</p><p>Pedoman singkat penulisan dapat dilihat pada <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about/submissions#authorGuidelines" target="_blank">Petunjuk Penulisan</a></strong> di <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about" target="_blank">Tentang Kami</a></strong>.</p></div></div> http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1149 Laju Metamorfosis Larva Rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) Stadia Zoea Hingga Megalopa Melalui Penambahan Multi Asam Amino 2023-09-08T13:57:10+07:00 Nurul Mutmainnah nurulmutmainnah383@gmail.com Zulfiani zulfiani@unsulbar.ac.id Yusdalifa Ekayanti Yunus yusdaekayanti@gmail.com Faidar faidar25@gmail.com Muh. Yusri Karim nurulmutmainnah383@gmail.com Fitri Indah Yani nurulmutmainnah383@gmail.com <p><em>The addition of multi-amino acids to the culture media for Portunus pelagicus crab larvae accelerates the metamorphosis rate from the zoea to megalopa stages. The research aims to examine the effect of adding multiple amino acids to the rearing media and determine the best dosage on the rate of acceleration of metamorphosis (stage transfer) of P. pelagicus crab larvae from zoea to megalopa stages. Test samples are taken daily to see the development of larvae or larval stage index. The test animals used in this research were zoea-1 stage crab larvae stocked at 100 individuals/L density. The container used in this research was a black plastic basin with a water volume of 30 liters. Treatment doses of amino acids were 0, 150, 200, and 250 ppm with 3 repetitions each. The research results show that administering multi-amino acids in the rearing media can accelerate the transfer rate of crab larvae stages. The fastest rate of acceleration of metamorphosis from zoea to megalopa was produced at a treatment dose of 250 ppm for 10 days, and the longest was produced at a dose of 0 ppm for 13 days. Stage transfer between sub-zoea takes 2-3 days for metamorphosis, and zoea to megalopa takes 10-13 days.</em></p> 2024-04-03T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1156 Evektivitas Pengolahan Tanah dan Pengapuran Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Kacang Merah (Phaseolus vulgaris L) 2023-10-01T22:16:55+07:00 Aminah aminah.muchdar@umi.ac.id Nuraeni aminah.muchdar@umi.ac.id <p><em>Soil is an essential factor in cultivating plants, which, apart from being a planting medium, also supplies food in the form of nutrients. For successful cultivation, farmers should know the condition of the soil before planting. One of the most important things is the soil acidity level (pH) and the type of soil that will be used for planting. The research aimed to determine the effect of soil processing and liming on the growth and production of red bean plants. The research was carried out in Bontomanai Village, Bungaya District, Gowa Regency, at an altitude of ± 400 meters above sea level from May to December 2023. The research used a Factorial Randomized Block Design with 2 factors. The first factor is soil processing, with 2 treatment levels: No tillage (control) and tillage (Hoeing). The second factor is the lime dose, with 4 levels of treatment, namely without liming (control), 1 ton/ha (0.1 kg/plot), 2 tons/ha (0.2 kg/plot), 3 tons/ha (0 .3 kg/plot). There were 8 combinations, and each treatment combination was repeated 3 times, so that 24 treatment combination units were obtained. Each treatment combination unit used 10 plants and 3 sample plants. The research results showed that tillage had a better effect than no tillage at a weight parameter of 100, namely 41.30 gr. Liming at a dose of 3 tons per hectare had the best effect on plant height parameters, namely 47.68 cm. The interaction between soil processing and liming at a dose of 3 tons/ha gave the best effect on seed weight per planting, 24.93 grams, seed weight per plot of 0.28 kg, and seed production per hectare, namely 2.8 tons/ha.</em></p> 2024-04-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1161 Kajian Sifat Fisik Tanah pada Lahan Kering Beriklim Kering di Kecamatan Wulla Waijelu Kabupaten Sumba Timur 2024-04-03T15:51:06+07:00 Yonce Melyanus Killa yonce@unkriswina.ac.id Melycorianda Hubi Ndapamuri yonce@unkriswina.ac.id Edmilson Umbu Ratu yonce@unkriswina.ac.id Matias Umbu Teul yonce@unkriswina.ac.id <p><em>Dry land with a dry climate (LKIK) is suboptimal land that has the potential to be developed. A higher evapotranspiration rate than rainfall characterizes this land, so this land is in a condition of water shortage. One of the areas with LKIK conditions is Wulla Waijelu District, East Sumba Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, which is one of the areas with LKIK conditions. This area has not utilized its land potential because the land's condition, especially the soil's physical properties, has yet to be discovered. Therefore, this research was conducted to determine the physical properties of the land so that its use was based on the capabilities of the land. This research was conducted in Wulla Waijelu District in June-August 2023. This research used survey methods and sampling at predetermined points for four land uses. The observation variables are soil texture, permeability, porosity, bulk weight, and field capacity water content. The research results show that the research results provide varying values between land use and observation variables. Soil texture consists of clay, sandy clay, dusty clay, sandy loam, and dusty clay. Permeability criteria are medium, medium to fast, and fast, with soil porosity ranging from 22.8-70.3%. Soil bulk weight is between 0.96-1.6 gr/cm3, with field capacity water content varying from 22.8% to 70.3%.</em></p> 2024-04-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1162 Visual Daun dan Identifikasi Hara Mikro pada Tanaman Lada dengan Kriteria Pertumbuhan Baik 2023-10-31T09:57:07+07:00 Irman irmanhasan62@gmail.com Nyayu Siti Khodijah nyayukhodijah@gmail.com Ismed Inonu Ismedinonu8@gmail.com Muntoro muntoro_sp@yahoo.co.id Iwan Setiawan iwansetiawanubb@gmail.com <p><em>Fertility and continuity of results are needed in pepper cultivation, so the right compatibility of nutrients is needed. Micronutrient observations are often not carried out regularly and tend to lag behind macronutrients, even though they are equally essential. Symptoms will be visible visually on the leaves and it is important to know that identifying nutrient symptoms is important. The leaf samples were represented by 20 old leaves and 20 young leaves which were observed visually by comparing them based on the nutrient symptom table, then the micronutrients of the young leaf tissue were analyzed. Based on the visuals of the leaves, symptoms of micronutrients were found dominantly found in young leaves. The diagnosis results based on visual symptoms were that pepper plants with the criteria for healthy growth still found symptoms of Fe deficiency in the form of yellowing in young leaves and also in old leaves, symptoms of Zn toxicity in the form of chlorosis between the leaves. young and Kahat B which shows that there are several young leaves which are also darker in color than normal young leaves. Based on analysis of the micro nutrient content found in young leaf tissue, the content of Cu, available Fe, Mn, Zn, B, Mo is below 100 ppm (100 mg/Kg), this figure shows that it is still in the low category.</em></p> 2024-04-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1140 Perubahan Mata Pencaharian Petani sebagai Dampak Alih Fungsi Lahan Pertanian 2023-08-24T23:10:10+07:00 Pratiwi MK wiwi.pratiwimk@gmail.com Andi Nuddin andinuddin@yahoo.co.id Iradhatullah Rahim iradhat76@gmail.com <p><em>The population of Parepare City, South Sulawesi, has increased yearly. It causes a high need for housing. Unsurprisingly, land that is strategic for agriculture is then used as housing. The economic level of society also influences the conversion of agricultural land. People who cannot meet their daily needs through sales of agricultural activities, which are generally low, try to find other forms of business that can improve their welfare. This research aims to determine the pattern of changes in farmers' livelihoods due to the conversion of agricultural land. This research uses a quantitative descriptive approach. The samples taken were 52 farmers who had sold their agricultural land. Then, the next stage of analysis uses the Wilcoxon test analysis. The research results show that 26.92% of farmers whose land has been converted still work in the agricultural sector, 65.39% in the non-agricultural sector, and 7.69% do not. The conversion of agricultural land to non-agricultural land was expected to improve farmers' economic conditions. However, these conditions are not what is happening in society. The research results show no real influence between the farmers' income before and after the land is converted.</em></p> 2024-04-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1225 Viabilitas dan Vigor Benih Kedelai (Glycine max L.) pada Media Matriconditioning Berbahan Organik dan Anorganik 2024-04-15T10:31:17+07:00 Sudirman Numba jabal.ashar@umi.ac.id Netty Syam jabal.ashar@umi.ac.id Jabal Rahmat Ashar jabal.ashar@umi.ac.id Fatmawati jabal.ashar@umi.ac.id <p><em>The availability of quality seeds affects the quality and production of soybeans produced. Seed quality often deteriorates due to prolonged storage, thus requiring in-vigoration treatment. The study aimed to determine the effect of organic matriconditioning media and inorganic matriconditioning media on improving the viability and vigor of soybean seeds. The research took place from September to December 2023. The research was organized using a completely randomized design with 5 treatments, consisting of 3 (three) matriconditioning media made from organic materials: husk charcoal, sawdust, and rice straw, and 2 (two) matriconditioning media made from inorganic materials: brick powder and fine sand. The results showed that the organic-based matriconditioning media group had a significant and better effect than the inorganic-based matriconditioning media on germination, germination speed, and germination uniformity, sprout dry weight, sprout length, number of leaves, and plant height of soybean. The treatment of organic matriconditioning media in the form of husk charcoal and sawdust has a better effect than other treatments.</em></p> 2024-04-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1215 Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Terong pada Berbagai Media Tanam dan Pemberian PGPR (Plant Grownth Promoting Rhizobacteria) 2024-02-06T09:56:06+07:00 Abdul Haris abdul.haris@umi.ac.id Baktiar Ibrahim Bahtiaribrahim25@gmail.com Abdul Akbar abdul.haris@umi.ac.id Rismayanti Rismayantiima@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of a combination of planting media, PGPR, and the interaction between the two treatments on the growth and production of eggplant plants. This study used a Randomized Group Design factorial pattern of 2 factors. The first factor is the use of planting media composition with three levels of treatment, and the second factor is the dosing of PGPR plants with 4 levels and 12 treatment combinations. Each combination was repeated 3 times, resulting in 36 experimental units. The results showed that the planting media composition of soil + rice husk + manure fertilizer significantly affected the parameters of plant height and tended to be better on the parameters of flowering age, number of fruits, fruit diameter, and fruit weight. The application of PGPR at a dose of 20 ml/liter significantly affected the parameters of the number of leaves and the number of fruits. It tended to be better on the parameters of fruit length. The interaction between the dose of PGPR and the composition of planting media had no significant effect on all parameters of eggplant plants.</em></p> 2024-04-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1166 Processing Rice Land to Increase Rice Food Security in Semarang City 2024-04-05T11:36:49+07:00 Hendri Wibowo wibowohendri9@gmail.com Dewi Hastuti wibowohendri9@gmail.com Ahmad Abdul wibowohendri9@gmail.com Istanto wibowohendri9@gmail.com Rossi Prabowo wibowohendri9@gmail.com Endah Sukbekti wibowohendri9@gmail.com Shofia Nur Awami wibowohendri9@gmail.com <p><em>This research aims to understand the influence of five production factors, namely land area, urea fertilizer, NPK fertilizer, labor, and pesticides, on the amount of rice production in Purwosari Village, Semarang. The method used is a case study involving 61 rice farmers in the village. Data analysis was carried out using the Cobb-Douglas production function, production scale, and economic efficiency. The research results show that all production factors together have a very significant influence on the amount of rice production. However, when analyzed individually, only land area, urea fertilizer, and NPK fertilizer had a significant effect. Labor and pesticides did not show a significant effect on rice production. The scale of rice production in Purwosari shows an increasing trend. The economic efficiency of using production factors shows that the use of land, urea fertilizer, and NPK fertilizer has not reached optimal levels (NPM/BKM &gt;1). On the other hand, the use of labor and pesticides is classified as inefficient (NPM/BKM &lt;1). In conclusion, this research recommends increasing land use, urea fertilizer, and NPK fertilizer to increase rice production in Purwosari. On the other hand, the use of labor and pesticides needs to be optimized to achieve better efficiency.</em></p> 2024-04-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1146 Fortifikasi Tepung Daun Pepaya pada Pakan untuk Stimulasi Pertumbuhan Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) 2023-10-10T08:55:32+07:00 Yusdalifa Ekayanti Yunus yusdaekayanti@gmail.com Ummu Kaltsum SC yusdaekayanti@gmail.com Fauzia Nur yusdaekayanti@gmail.com Sahabuddin yusdaekayanti@gmail.com Fitri Indah Yani yusdaekayanti@gmail.com Nurul Mutmainnah yusdaekayanti@gmail.com Rismawaty Rusdi yusdaekayanti@gmail.com <p><em>One of the fundamental problems in tilapia aquaculture is the decline in water quality in the hatchery. The seed stage is more vulnerable to environmental changes that can reduce the gowth process of seeds and will further cause death. This study aims to determine the effect of fortification of papaya leaf flour (Carica papaya L.) to stimulate tilapia gowth. This study used an experimental method to treat different doses of papaya leaf flour mixed into the feed, namely 0%, 2%, 4%, and 6%, with the test animals used as tilapia seeds measuring 1.4 gams with a length of 3.2 cm. The proximate test results showed that the moisture, ash, crude fat, crude protein, crude fiber, and BETN content were suitable for tilapia fish needs. After 30 days of rearing with the test feed, there was an effect on the specific gowth rate parameters on day 15 and day 30 and the average absolute gowth. The best specific gowth rate (SG) at a dose of 2% was obtained at 6.606% on day 15 and 4.400% on day 30. The best average absolute gowth was obtained at 2% dose feeding with tilapia weight of 6.606 gams and length of 4.400 cm.</em></p> 2024-04-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1147 Dampak Alih Fungsi Lahan Pertanian di Kawasan Objek Wisata Latimojong Terhadap Pendapatan Petani 2023-09-08T01:43:37+07:00 Abd Rahim rahimrasidaruhaya.ar@gmail.com Edy Kurniawan Kurniawan87mj@gmail.com Pratiwi MK wiwi.pratiwimk@gmail.com Putriani rahimrasidaruhaya.ar@gmail.com <p><em>Uncontrolled conversion of agricultural land remains a serious problem in agricultural development, not only in urban areas but also in rural areas. The conversion of agricultural land often impacts the socio-economic life of farmers, especially income. One form of agricultural land conversion currently widely practiced is converting agricultural land into tourist sites. This research aims to determine the impact of the existence of the Civil Camp Karangan tourist attraction on the income of farmers who change land functions. The method used in this research is quantitative descriptive analysis. The Paired sample T-test analysis was used to determine the difference in farmers' income before and after the conversion of agricultural land. The results showed a calculated T value of 7,000&gt; 2.57 T table value. It showed a difference in farmers' income before and after converting agricultural land into a tourist attraction. Thus, efforts are needed to improve the quality of the Civil Camp Karangan tourist attraction so that it still has economic benefits for the community around the location, especially farmers.</em></p> 2024-04-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1165 Pengaruh Suhu dan Lama Penyangraian Terhadap Sifat Fisik Kopi Robusta Tempur 2024-04-03T21:48:16+07:00 Shodiq Eko Ariyanto shodiq.eko@umk.ac.id Heny Alpandari heny.alpandari@umk.ac.id Suharijanto suharijanto@umk.ac.id Hendy Hendro Hadi Sridjono hendy.hendro@umk.ac.id <p><em>Coffee roasting is a step in shaping the aroma and flavor of coffee beans, which is done through heating at high temperatures. Only now, information on the optimal roasting method to create quality coffee is limited. In some conditions, there is a decrease in coffee quality due to the overroast process. This study was conducted to determine the effect of temperature and roasting time on changes in the physical properties of Robusta coffee. The research design used was a Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with the treatment of variations in temperature and roasting time consisting of three levels, namely roasting temperature consisting of 100 °C, 110 °C, and 120 °C. In contrast, the roasting time consisted of 75 minutes, 80 minutes, and 85 minutes. Each treatment was replicated three times so that 27 experimental units were obtained. Based on the results of research on temperature treatment and roasting time, 100 °C treatment for 85 minutes gave better results on the parameters of water content, solubility, color, taste, and overall. It was followed by 110 °C temperature treatment for 75 minutes.</em></p> 2024-04-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1134 Keterkaitan Produksi dan Konsumsi Telur Ayam Ras dalam Memenuhi Kebutuhan Pangan Hewani di Sulawesi Selatan 2023-07-24T22:52:00+07:00 Nurul Fatimah Syam nurulfatimahs212@gmail.com Ahmad Ramadhan Siregar aramadhan@unhas.ac.id Ariady Arsal ariady.arsal01@gmail.com <p><em>The research aims to analyze the factors that influence production and consumption and the relationship between the production and consumption of purebred chicken eggs in meeting animal food needs in South Sulawesi. The methods used in this research are descriptive analysis method and quantitative analysis. The sample in this research was 120 breeders and household consumers. The data collected is primary and secondary. Primary data was obtained from respondents through observation, interviews, and distribution of questionnaires. Primary data processing uses the SEM-PLS (Structural Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square) method. Secondary data was obtained from the Central Statistics Agency, Livestock Service, and South Sulawesi Agricultural Extension Center. The research results show that the R-squared value of egg production is 0.792. This value shows that feed, DOC, labor, and capital have a positive and significant effect on egg production of 79.2%. Furthermore, the R-squared value of egg consumption is 0.812. This value shows that price, income, population, and taste positively and significantly affect egg production by 81.2%. Furthermore, the R-Square value of Fulfillment of Animal Needs is 0.530, which means that Egg Consumption and Egg Production can explain or influence positively and significantly the Fulfillment of Animal Needs by 53% with a production coefficient value of ?= 0.479 &gt; Consumption coefficient ?= 0.478.</em></p> 2024-04-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1144 Uji Viabilitas, Vigor, dan Pendugaan Aksi Gen Varietas Tebu (Saccharum Officinarum L.) Berdasarkan Karakter Agronomi 2023-12-12T12:15:01+07:00 Mayasari Yamin mayasariyamin@gmail.com Sri Nur Qadri srinurqadri6@gmail.com Taufiq Hidayat RS tauf034@brin.go.id <p><em>Sugarcane seeding is a conventional initial seed stage that begins based on the juvenile phase for the formation of the three main components of the plant, namely roots, stems, and leaves. Conventional sugar cane nurseries use explants from either bud chips or mules to grow buds. Initial testing is based on viability characteristics, and seed vigor index. In addition, explant growth is influenced by the genetic aspects of each material used. This research aims to (1) determine the viability, and index of sugarcane seeds, and (2) estimate the action of genes that influence each observed character. This research was carried out in June – July 2023. The research used a complete randomized block design with the treatment of sugar cane varieties, namely AMS Agribun (V1), AAS Agribun (V2), and Kidang Kencana (V3). The results showed that the agronomic characters for the number of leaves, and leaf length were significantly different from ? 5%, with standard deviation, and coefficient of variation values, respectively, reaching 0.0697, and 21.144 for the number of leaves, and 4.743, and 29.776 for leaf length characters. The characters for the number, and length of leaves have skewness, and kurtosis values of 0.816, and (-0.3079), and 0.416, and (-0.811), respectively. The AMS Agribun variety showed the best performance for plant height, leaf length, leaf greenness, and number of roots. The AAS Agribun variety showed the best performance for the character's number of leaves, leaf width, and leaf area. Meanwhile, the Kidang Kencana variety showed the best performance regarding vigor index, growth speed, germination capacity, and root length.</em></p> 2024-04-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1193 Pertumbuhan Eksplan Pisang Cavendish Tahap Subkultur dengan Penambahan Bahan Organik pada Media Murashige and Skoog 2023-12-21T09:39:55+07:00 Muhammad Radif Ashabi radifashabi13@gmail.com Sutini sutini.agro@upnjatim.ac.id Widiwurjani widiwurjani@upnjatim.ac.id <p><em>The productivity of cavendish bananas needs to be increased to meet the large export demand. Tissue culture techniques can produce large quantities of good-quality seedlings. This technique can use organic materials such as coconut water and bean sprout extract, which are easy to obtain at a relatively low price. This study aims to determine the effect of using coconut water and bean sprout extract on the growth of cavendish banana explants in vitro. This experiment was prepared using a completely random design (CRD) consisting of 12 treatments, namely coconut water and bean sprout extract, with concentrations of 7.5%, 10%, 12.5%, 15%, 17.5%, and 20%, respectively. The results showed that the use of coconut water was better than bean sprout extract. Treatment with coconut water at a concentration of 7.5% had the highest average value on the parameters of plantlet length. At a concentration of 12.5%, it had the highest average value on the plantlet length parameter. Meanwhile, in the concentration of coconut water, coconut water has the best concentration of 20% in the number of roots.</em></p> 2024-04-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA