JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt <div id="journalDescription"><p><strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika</strong> dengan nomor p-ISSN 2302-4178 (cetak) dan e-ISSN 2407-6279 (online) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan hasil penelitian dan/atau ulasan artikel (review) di bidang Pertanian, Peternakan, Perikanan, dan Biologi Tanaman. Serta menyajikan informasi hasil penelitian dan artikel ilmiah untuk pembangunan pertanian berkelanjutan di Indonesia yang dipublikasikan secara elektronik dan cetak.</p><p><strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika</strong> diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan Universitas Muhammadiyah Parepare (Fapetrik UMPAR). <strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika (JGT) diterbitkan Tiga kali dalam Satu tahun, <strong>yaitu April, Agustus, dan Desember.</strong></strong></p><p>Mencakup pertanian umum dan biologi tanaman, yaitu:</p>1. Budidaya (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan),<br />2. Agribisnis/Sosial Ekonomi (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan),<br />3. Teknologi (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan), dan<br />4. Biologi Tanaman.<p>JGT telah menerapkan Open Journal Systems (OJS) sejak Tahun 2015 untuk semua proses penerbitan di JGT. Oleh karena itu, penulis diwajibkan untuk mendaftar terlebih dahulu dan mengunggah manuskrip secara online. Registrasi dan login dibutuhkan untuk memasukkan naskah dan kelengkapannya secara online dan untuk mengecek status naskah saat ini. Proses manuskrip dapat dipantau melalui OJS oleh penulis, editor, reviewer, dan pembaca secara real time terhadap semua manuskrip.</p><div id="additionalHomeContent"><ul><li><strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/user/register" target="_blank">Klik di sini</a></strong><span> Jika Anda </span><strong>belum</strong><span> terdaftar di jurnal ini atau jurnal lain di situs ini.</span></li><li><span><strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/user/register?existingUser=1" target="_blank">Klik di sini</a></strong><span><strong> </strong>Jika Anda sudah terdaftar di jurnal ini atau jurnal lain di situs ini.</span></span></li></ul><p><strong>Penyerahan naskah</strong></p><p>Jurnal Galung Tropika (JGT) memproses semua manuskrip melalui open journal system (OJS). Kami mengundang penulis untuk mengirimkan manuskrip, penerimaan manuskrip dilakukan sepanjang tahun. Surat penyerahan naskah akan otomatis dikirim ke penulis melalui Email. Proses manuskrip itu dapat dipantau melalui OJS. Proses Manuskrip akan melalui peer review dan berdasarkan tinjauan editorial sebelum diterima untuk publikasi.</p><p>Jika Anda memiliki pertanyaan lebih lanjut, lihat <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about/contact" target="_blank">Kontak Jurnal</a></strong>.</p><p>Pedoman singkat penulisan dapat dilihat pada <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about/submissions#authorGuidelines" target="_blank">Petunjuk Penulisan</a></strong> di <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about" target="_blank">Tentang Kami</a></strong>.</p></div></div> Fapetrik-UMPAR en-US JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA 2302-4178 Pertumbuhan Bibit Aren (Arenga pinnata) pada Perlakuan Jenis dan Dosis Cendawan Endofit dari Padi Aromatik https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/966 <p><em>One of the inhibiting factors in providing sugar palm seeds is the dormancy period of sugar palm seeds and the growth of germs that take a long time. This study aims to determine the type of isolate and the application dose of endophytic fungus isolates that can accelerate the growth of sugar palm seedlings. The study was arranged using a Randomized Block Design (RAK) with 2 treatments. The first treatment was the type of endophytic fungus isolate consisting of 3 levels: isolates C1, C2, and C3. The application dose of endophytic fungus isolate consists of 3 levels, namely: 5 g, 10 g, and 15 g. Parameters observed were shoot emergence, plant height, root length, plant fresh weight, fresh root weight, plant dry weight, and root dry weight. The results showed that endophytic fungi isolates C1 and C3 could increase the growth and biomass of sugar palm seedlings, while the best application dose of endophytic fungi was 5 g. Application of endophytic fungi isolates C1 and C3 with a quantity of 5 g increased the growth and biomass of sugar palm seedlings.</em></p> Aidil Akbar S Syamsia Abubakar Idhan Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-17 2022-08-17 11 2 106 113 10.31850/jgt.v11i2.966 Peningkatan Ketersediaan Hara Fosfor dengan Pemberian Bahan Organik Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kedelai pada Tanah yang Diinokulasi Mikoriza https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1004 <p><em>The cocoa bean fermentation process is carried out to improve the quality of cocoa beans as industrial raw materials such as the formation of aroma, color, and flavor can increase the selling value. This study aims to examine the quality of the results of the addition of mixed culture and single culture Lactobacillus plantarum and determine the best quality of fermented cocoa beans with the addition of mixed culture and single culture Lactobacillus plantarum. The cocoa beans used for fermentation were RCC clones from Nglanggeran, Gunung Kidul. This study used a randomized block design (RAK) with different concentrations of yeast and bacteria, namely: single culture 5%, 10%, 15%, and mixed culture 5%, 10%, and 15% with a long fermentation time of 6 days. Cocoa beans without yeast and bacteria inoculum were used as controls. The single culture and the mixed culture used influenced the different results. The best treatment using a single culture was a single culture of 10%, while the treatment with the addition of mixed cultures was a mixed culture of 10%. The results of the research analysis of some of the best parameters are as follows: 37.85<sup>o</sup>C temperature measurement; pH 5.37; yield 31,369; seeds 100 grams 76.25; water content 7.848%; lactic acid 0.1125%; acetic acid 0.281%; reducing sugar 5.1065; total fat 50.70%; and cut test organoleptic test the preferred treatment by the panelists was Mixed Culture 5%.</em></p> St. Subaedah N Netty Maimunah Nonci Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-19 2022-08-19 11 2 114 123 10.31850/jgt.v11i2.1004 Polimorfisme Primer RAPD pada Tanaman Jambu Mete Asal Tiga Kabupaten di Sulawesi Tenggara https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/888 <p><em>Southeast Sulawesi is one of the largest producers of cashew commodities in Indonesia, which has an essential meaning in the world of trade. Determination of the polymorphism of a primer is the first step in conducting genetic diversity studies to obtain genetic information about a species. This study aims to determine the polymorphic RAPD primers to be used in the analysis of the genetic diversity of cashew in three districts in Southeast Sulawesi. The study used 20 RAPD primers to amplify cashew DNA samples and obtained three RAPD primers (OPA-15, OPP-08, and OPC-11 primers) which showed polymorphic bands in the DNA samples used. The three RAPD primers obtained have the potential to be used in genetic studies of cashew originating from Southeast Sulawesi.</em></p> Mirza Arsiaty Arsyad I Irwan Dirvamena Boer Yuni Fitri Cahyaningsih Siti Halimah Larekeng I Iswanto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-19 2022-08-19 11 2 124 131 10.31850/jgt.v11i2.888 Kandungan Hormon Endogenous pada Tanaman Hortikultura https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/955 <p><em>Indonesia's flora germplasm diversity can be used as a potential source of natural growth regulators. The study's goal was to compare the auxin, cytokinin, and gibberellin content of various horticultural plant extracts: onion tubers (Allium ascalonicum), a banana weevil (Musa x paradisiaca), Moringa leaves (Moringa oleifera), sweet corn seeds (Zea mays), and green bean sprouts (Vigna radiata). The research was carried out at Jenderal Sudirman University's Research Laboratory from June 2019 to February 2020. The sample was prepared in the Chemical Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture's Postharvest Center in Bogor for analysis of auxin (IAA/Indole Acetic Acid), cytokinins (kinetin and zeatin), and gibberellins (GA3/ Gibberellic Acid). RAL (Completely Randomized Design) was used as the experimental design. The F test and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) were used to further examine the data. Endogenous hormone content was determined in five ingredients: shallot bulbs (Allium ascalonicum), banana hump (Musa x paradisiaca), Moringa leaves (Moringa oleifera), sweet corn seeds (Zea mays), and green bean sprouts (Vigna radiata). Moringa leaves had the highest IAA content, 662.17 ppm, according to the findings. Similarly, the highest kinetin content was found in banana weevil and Moringa leaves, with 178.82 ppm and 161.37 ppm, respectively. Shallot bulbs had the highest GA3 content, at 594.12 ppm. This demonstrates that the four plant types can be used as sources of plant hormones.</em></p> Etik Wukir Tini S Sakhidin S Saparso Totok Agung Dwi Haryanto Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-21 2022-08-21 11 2 10.31850/jgt.v11i2.955 Proyeksi Kerawanan Banjir pada Lahan Sawah Berbasis Model Iklim HadCM3 di DAS Bila Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/898 <p><em>Sidenreng Rappang Regency is the center for developing rice production in South Sulawesi and is included in the Bila River Basin (DAS). Sidenreng Rappang, in the last five years, has experienced flooding every year, especially in Pitu Riawa District, Dua Pitue District, and Pitu Riase District. This study aims to project rainfall changes and vulnerability to flooding based on the HadCM3 climate model in the Bila watershed area. Analysis of changes in rainfall based on the HadCM3 climate prediction model with a short-term baseline (10 years). Data were analyzed spatially by scoring the parameters of flood vulnerability and validated through surveys and field observations. Data for each parameter is overlaid using a geographic information system (GIS). The actual flood vulnerability classification results were projected using the HadCM3 climate model and produced a flood hazard projection map with the HadCM3 model for the Bila watershed area. The HadCM3 model prediction shows an increase in rainfall from April to October, and high-intensity precipitation occurs in May, June, and July. The actual level of flood hazard in paddy fields in the Bila watershed area is classified as very high, with an area of 22,339.44 ha (56.75%), and the HadCM3 Climate Model projection is classified as high with an area of 25,260.71 ha (64.17%). Paddy fields in the Bila watershed have a high level of flood vulnerability.</em></p> A Abdullah Risna Hardianty Haedar Annas Boceng Reza Asra Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 11 2 10.31850/jgt.v11i2.898