JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt <div id="journalDescription"><p><strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika</strong> dengan nomor p-ISSN 2302-4178 (cetak) dan e-ISSN 2407-6279 (online) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang menerbitkan hasil penelitian dan/atau ulasan artikel (review) di bidang Pertanian, Peternakan, Perikanan, dan Biologi Tanaman. Serta menyajikan informasi hasil penelitian dan artikel ilmiah untuk pembangunan pertanian berkelanjutan di Indonesia yang dipublikasikan secara elektronik dan cetak.</p><p><strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika</strong> diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan Universitas Muhammadiyah Parepare (Fapetrik UMPAR). <strong>Jurnal Galung Tropika (JGT) diterbitkan Tiga kali dalam Satu tahun, <strong>yaitu April, Agustus, dan Desember.</strong></strong></p><p>Mencakup pertanian umum dan biologi tanaman, yaitu:</p>1. Budidaya (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan),<br />2. Agribisnis/Sosial Ekonomi (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan),<br />3. Teknologi (Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perikanan), dan<br />4. Biologi Tanaman.<p>JGT telah menerapkan Open Journal Systems (OJS) sejak Tahun 2015 untuk semua proses penerbitan di JGT. Oleh karena itu, penulis diwajibkan untuk mendaftar terlebih dahulu dan mengunggah manuskrip secara online. Registrasi dan login dibutuhkan untuk memasukkan naskah dan kelengkapannya secara online dan untuk mengecek status naskah saat ini. Proses manuskrip dapat dipantau melalui OJS oleh penulis, editor, reviewer, dan pembaca secara real time terhadap semua manuskrip.</p><div id="additionalHomeContent"><ul><li><strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/user/register" target="_blank">Klik di sini</a></strong><span> Jika Anda </span><strong>belum</strong><span> terdaftar di jurnal ini atau jurnal lain di situs ini.</span></li><li><span><strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/user/register?existingUser=1" target="_blank">Klik di sini</a></strong><span><strong> </strong>Jika Anda sudah terdaftar di jurnal ini atau jurnal lain di situs ini.</span></span></li></ul><p><strong>Penyerahan naskah</strong></p><p>Jurnal Galung Tropika (JGT) memproses semua manuskrip melalui open journal system (OJS). Kami mengundang penulis untuk mengirimkan manuskrip, penerimaan manuskrip dilakukan sepanjang tahun. Surat penyerahan naskah akan otomatis dikirim ke penulis melalui Email. Proses manuskrip itu dapat dipantau melalui OJS. Proses Manuskrip akan melalui peer review dan berdasarkan tinjauan editorial sebelum diterima untuk publikasi.</p><p>Jika Anda memiliki pertanyaan lebih lanjut, lihat <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about/contact" target="_blank">Kontak Jurnal</a></strong>.</p><p>Pedoman singkat penulisan dapat dilihat pada <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about/submissions#authorGuidelines" target="_blank">Petunjuk Penulisan</a></strong> di <strong><a href="/index.php/jgt/about" target="_blank">Tentang Kami</a></strong>.</p></div></div> Fapetrik-UMPAR en-US JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA 2302-4178 Histopatologi Organ dan Hematologi Ikan Lele Hasil Perbenihan di Airnona, Kota Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1124 <p><em>This research aims to determine damage to gill and liver tissue through histopathological analysis and the hematological picture of catfish seeds produced by farmers in Airnona, Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara. A total of 100 fish seeds were taken randomly from the hatchery pond. Hematological observations are carried out by making blood smears, while histopathological observations are carried out by making histology preparations. Hematological and histopathological observations were carried out using a microscope at 140-800X magnification. The histopathological analysis of the gills showed damage, including mucus cell proliferation, epithelial lifting, edema, necrosis, vacuoles, and parasitic investment. The liver shows damage in vacuoles, hemosiderin, congestion, the presence of Melano Macrophage Center (MMC), sinuses, fatty degeneration, and hemorrhage. Abnormalities in blood cells observed in blood smears of fish seeds include spherocytes, lacerated membranes, blebbed nuclei, lysis, and necrosis.</em></p> Shobikhuliatul Jannah Juanda Aisyah Lukmini Ihsan Sanggar Rahman Rizka Rahmana Putri Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-01 2023-12-01 12 3 282 294 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1124 Formulasi Nugget Berbahan Dasar Ikan Terbang (Parexocoetus brachypterus), Tepung Jewawut (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.) dan Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera) Sebagai Menu PMT Pencegah Stunting https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1152 <p><em>The high prevalence rate of stunting in West Sulawesi Province, which reached 33.8, places West Sulawesi in second place in the province with the highest stunting in Indonesia. One effort to prevent stunting is to diversify the intake of complementary foods for children aged 6-23 months by utilizing local natural resources. This research aims to formulate flying fish, barley flour, and Moringa leaves as a functional food in processed nuggets as a menu for Supplementary Feeding (PMT) for babies under two years old. The research method was carried out in three stages, namely, the nugget formulation in two formulas, namely F1 and F2. Next, an organoleptic test is carried out to select the best formula, followed by a nutritional content analysis, which includes proximate analysis and mineral testing. The research results showed that the nugget formula selected was based on organoleptic tests on 30 panelists, namely F1 nuggets with a mixture of 175 g of flying fish, 75 g of barley flour, and 10 g of moringa leaves. These nuggets contain nutrients per 100 grams, namely protein 14.36 g, carbohydrates 27.83 g, fat 5.53 g, crude fiber 1.22 g, iron 62.78 mg/kg, calcium 97.53 mg/kg, and zinc 15.52 mg/kg. Therefore, nuggets with the selected formula are rich in the nutrients needed in complementary breast milk foods to prevent stunting.</em></p> Ayu Indayanti Ismail Dewi Yuniati Novi Aryanti Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 12 3 295 305 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1152 Pertumbuhan Bayam Brasil (Alternanthera sissoo hort) secara Hidroponik dengan Pupuk Organik Cair dari Lindi Reaktor Biogas Feses Manusia https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1135 <p><em>The slurry is one of the results of fermentation of organic material from a biogas reactor, which can be used as plant fertilizer because it is rich in macronutrients. The Brazilian spinach plant, known to contain a lot of vitamin E, is suitable for organic cultivation in a hydroponic system, which requires good fertilizer intake. This research aims to study the effect and best dose of liquid organic fertilizer from human waste-based biogas reactor leachate on the growth of Brazilian spinach (Alternanthera sissoo hort) in a hydroponic system. Six treatments were used in this study: K0 (no fertiliser), K1 (500 ppm fertiliser from AB mix), K2 (500 ppm commercial POC), P1 (250 ppm biogas reactor slurry POC), and P2 (500 ppm biogas) with 5 replications for each treatment. Brazilian spinach growth parameters measured included plant height, number of leaves, root length, wet weight, and dry weight. Plant growth parameter data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA and DMRT tests. The nutrient analysis results show that the POC macronutrient levels of human feces slurry does not meet the POC standards, according to the Ministry of Agriculture. However, giving it at a dose of 250 ppm has been proven to support the growth of Brazilian spinach plants.</em></p> Emeralda Rey Pirade K Kisworo Kukuh Madyaningrana Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-15 2023-12-15 12 3 306 318 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1135 Pertumbuhan Kerang Darah (Tegillarca granosa) pada Berbagai Sistem Akuakultur https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1127 <p><em>Many aquaculture wastes are suspended in the water column in that the presence of clams as filter feeders is required to utilize the waste for growth. In this study, blood clams from four aquaculture systems were evaluated to determine their growth, namely monoculture systems, polycultures, </em><em>Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture</em> <em>(</em><em>IMTA) non-paddy cocultures, and IMTA with paddy cocultures. Blood clams, tilapia, and tiger shrimp are stocked at as much as 20 each in 90 L of brackish water, whereas the density of sea cucumbers is 10 individuals. For paddy, reared using a floating method that uses trays. For four weeks, feed was given four times a day as much as 10% of the biomass. The results showed that the aquaculture system were a significant effect (P&lt;0.05) on Spesific Growth Rate (SGR). The SGR of blood clams when combined with the IMTA systems were significantly higher (P&lt;0.05) than that of the monoculture and polyculture systems. In contrast to growth, morphometric characteristics were not significantly affected (P&gt;0.05) by aquaculture system. Apart from studies in laboratory scale, the highest growth of blood clams is obtained if cultured with complete trophic levels through the IMTA paddy system.</em></p> Arnold Kabangnga H Heriansah N Nursidi Canra Kirana Febi Safitri Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-17 2023-12-17 12 3 319 328 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1127 Uji Daya Hasil Cabai Rawit (Capsicum annuum L.) Generasi F8 Silangan Varietas Bara x Lokal Sukabumi di Dataran Rendah https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1068 <p><em>This study aims to obtain cayenne pepper genotypes that have superior growth characteristics. This research was conducted in Popalia Village, Tanggetada District, Kolaka Regency. This research started from September 2021 to March 2022. This study used nine genotypes of cayenne pepper consisting of six F8 generations, namely: F8145291-115-81-1-1-9(G1), F8145291-4-13- 9-8-1-4(G2), F8145291-14-9-3-12-1-8(G3), F8145291-4-13-9-8-1-6 (G4), F8145291-4-13 -9-8-1-3(G5), F8145291-115-81-1-1-11(G6), which was then compared with three commercial cayenne varieties, namely: Cakra Putih(G7), Dewata F1(G8), Lantern (G9). This research was conducted using a randomized block design (RAK), single-factor treatment with nine cayenne genotypes. Each genotype treatment consisted of three replications with 27 experimental units. Each experimental unit consisted of 20 plants, with ten plants used as samples, so there were a total of 270 sample plants. The observed variables included: plant height, stem diameter, flowering age, fruit length, fruit diameter, fruit number, fruit weight, fruit weight per plant and average harvest age. Based on the yield test on growth characters, it was found that the genotype F8145291-115-81-1-1-9 (G1) had the highest average number of fruits, so it has the potential to be developed in the lowlands.</em></p> Marlina Mustafa Yolanda Fitria Syahri Aldi Ansah Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-17 2023-12-17 12 3 329 336 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1068 Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccharata Sturt L.) di Tanah Inceptisol pada Berbagai Dosis KCl https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1142 <p><em>Sweet corn (Zea mays saccaharata Sturt L.) is a plant that is harvested when it is young and widely cultivated in tropical areas. However, production is still low, so it needs to be optimized with fertilization. This research aimed to determine the effect of KCl fertilizer doses on the growth and yield of sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt L.) plants in inceptisol soil. It was carried out on the Rendole Pati Palawija Nursery Development Garden grounds. This research used a Single Factor Complete Randomized Block Design (RAKL) experimental experiment with 3 treatments, namely: 0 kg/ha (K0), 75 kg/ha (K1), and 150 kg/ha (K2). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The research results showed that the dose of KCl fertilizer significantly affected the parameters of plant height, fresh weight of stover, dry weight of stover, ear diameter, ear length, and sweetness content. The best growth and production of sweet corn is at a dose of 150 kg/ha.</em></p> Khairul Anwar Heny Alpandari Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-17 2023-12-17 12 3 337 347 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1142 Restorasi Agribisnis Kakao di Kecamatan Lilirilau Kabupaten Soppeng dari Aspek Sosial, Ekonomi dan Kelembagaan Petani https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1126 <p><em>This research aims to analyze the social, economic and institutional aspects of farmers contributing to the restoration of cocoa agribusiness in Lilirilau District. Apart from that, this research also aims to determine the effect of cocoa agribusiness restoration on increasing the productivity of cocoa farming in Lilirilau District, Soppeng Regency, South Sulawesi. Research uses quantitative and qualitative approaches. The quantitative analysis used in this research is SEM analysis with Smart PLS 4.0, while the qualitative analysis uses qualitative descriptive data analysis. The influence of the social aspect obtained a path coefficient of (t = 0.415, p = 0.679 &gt; 0.05) which means it does not have a positive and significant influence on the restoration of cocoa agribusiness. Then, the economic aspect obtained a path coefficient of (t = 6.334, p = 0.000 &lt; 0 .05) which means that it has a positive and significant influence on the restoration of cocoa agribusiness as well as institutional aspects. The path coefficients obtained are (t = 0.431, p = 0.667 &gt; 0.05) which means that it does not have a positive and significant influence on the restoration of cocoa agribusiness and agribusiness restoration is obtained. path coefficients of (t = 7.333, p = 0.000 &gt; 0.05) which means it has a positive and significant influence on increasing the productivity of cocoa farming in Lilirilau District, Soppeng Regency.</em></p> Naurha Rhamadani Rahim Darma Ariady Arsal Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-20 2023-12-20 12 3 348 364 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1126 Uji Organoleptik Susu Pasteurisasi Kombinasi Ekstrak Bunga Telang (Clitoria ternatea L) dengan Persentase Berbeda https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1141 <p><em>Indonesian people'sinterest in milkconsumptionis minimal compared to several developed countries. One of the factors causing minimal milk consumptionis the unattractive base color of the milk. The solutionis by diversifying dairy products with a combination of butterfly pea flower extract (Clitoria ternatea) as a natural coloring. Butterfly pea flowers (Clitoria ternatea) contain flavonoids as natural dyes and anthocyanins, which are bioactive components that have functional value as antioxidants. Besides being anantioxidant, butterfly pea flowers (Clitoriater natea) also function as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, and anti-histamine. This research aims to determine the percentage of butterfly pea flower extract (Clitoria ternatea L) in making pasteurized milk, which has the best hedonic quality in termsof color, aroma, taste, and level of preference. The research design applied was a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatmentsand 4 replications. Treatment P0: Milk (control), P1: Milk + 10% butterfly pea flower extract, P2: Milk + 15% butterfly pea flower extract, P3: Milk + 20% butterfly pea flower extract and P4: Milk + 25% butterfly pea flower extract. The variables observed are hedonic quality, including color, aroma, taste, and level of liking. The research showed that pasteurized milk with a combination of butterfly pea flower extract, namely the P3 treatment (Milk + 20% butterfly pea flower extract), was the best color and taste. Mean while, the highest level of liking was P4 (Milk + 25% butterfly pea flower extract) in terms of aroma.</em></p> Dewi Ramadani I Indriani Akram Parawansya Muh. Fachrin Agsa Rajmi Faridah Fadliah Muhlis Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-18 2023-12-18 12 3 365 372 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1141 Pertumbuhan Stek Bibit Tanaman Sukun (Artocarpus altilis) dengan Pemberian Pupuk Organik dan Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) dari Akar Bambu https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1202 <p><em>The breadfruit plant (Artocarpus altilis) can be cultivated as a staple food to accompany rice to support the diversification of food consumption found in many regions in Indonesia. Apart from being a food-producing plant, breadfruit plants act as pioneering plants for reforestation, land conservation, and medicinal plants. The research aims to determine the effect of goat drum fertilizer and PGPR on the growth of breadfruit plant seed cuttings. The research used a Randomized Block Design (RAK) with a factorial analysis of two factors and three replications. The first factor is the dose of goat manure, which consists of 4 levels: control (without fertilizer), 100g polybag<sup>-1</sup>, 200g polybag<sup>-1</sup>, and 300g polybag<sup>-1</sup>. The second factor is the PGPR concentration from bamboo roots, which consists of 4 levels: control (without PGPR), 115ml L<sup>-1</sup>, 125ml L<sup>-1</sup>, and 135ml L<sup>-1</sup>. The research results show that using a 300g polybag<sup>-1</sup> dose of goat drum fertilizer has a natural effect and tends to be better on the parameters of shoot emergence time, shoot length, number of leaves, and root length. Meanwhile, the PGPR concentration of bamboo roots at a concentration of 135mlL<sup>-1</sup> significantly affected all parameters measured. The interaction between the dose of goat drum fertilizer and the PGPR concentration of bamboo roots had no significant effect on the growth of breadfruit plant root cuttings.</em></p> Sudirman Numba Anwar Robbo Tri Yani Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 12 3 373 383 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1202 Pengaruh Kualitas Produk Kopi Terhadap Kepuasan Konsumen https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1158 <p><em>A coffee shop (cafe) offers a relaxed atmosphere for fast food and drink. A good cafe can provide satisfaction for consumers in terms of service, affordable products and prices, and adequate equipment and facilities. The research objectives are: (1) Describe the coffee drink production process and (2) Describe product quality. (3) Describe consumer satisfaction with the quality of coffee drink products. (4) Analyzing the influence of coffee drink product quality on consumer satisfaction. The population of this research is consumers who make purchases directly at the "From Heart" coffee shop in Makassar City. The sampling technique was Purposive Sampling, with a total of 100 respondents. The research results show (1) The coffee drink production process begins with procuring and selecting the main ingredients, namely coffee beans, grinding them to become powder, and procuring/selecting additional ingredients in the form of flavor variants. The ground coffee beans are mixed with the flavor variants according to the consumer's wishes; then, the packaging process is carried out. (2) The quality of the coffee drink product, namely performance, features, aesthetics, and conformance to specifications, is in the "very good" category. (3) The level of consumer satisfaction based on emotional factors, price, and service quality in the "very satisfied" category. (4) The influence of the quality of coffee drink products, namely performance, features, aesthetics, and conformance to specifications, together (F test) or partially (t-test), has a significant effect on consumer satisfaction.</em></p> Ida Rosada N Nurliani Tsalis Kurniawan Husain Taufik Khaerudin Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 12 3 384 391 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1158 Pertumbuhan Tanaman Kangkung Darat dengan Pemberian Mikroorganisme Lokal (MOL) Gamal (Gliricidia sepium) dan Limbah Ampas Kelapa https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1045 <p><em>Gamal leaves and coconut dregs waste can be used as raw materials for making local microorganisms (MOL) through a fermentation process used as liquid organic fertilizer to support plant growth. This research aims to determine the effect of local microorganisms (MOL), Gamal, and coconut dregs on the growth of water spinach plants (Ipomoea reptans). This research uses a quantitative approach with an experimental research type using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) method consisting of 4 treatments and 3 replications comprised of a control treatment, namely watering with water (K0), concentration 100 ml/L (K1), 150 ml/ L (K2), and 200 ml/L Water (K3). Data collection was obtained by measuring plant height, counting the number of leaves, weighing fresh weight, root length, secondary roots, and root volume. Data analysis was carried out using analysis of variance (ANOVA) at the ? level of 0.05. The results showed that the administration of local microorganisms (MOL) Gamal and coconut dregs with different concentrations significantly affected plant height, number of leaves, and fresh weight of land kale (Ipomoea reptans).</em></p> Jusmiati Jafar Asrullah Syam K Kasmira Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-27 2023-12-27 12 3 392 399 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1045 Pertumbuhan Bibit Tembakau (Nicotiana tabacum L.) Beberapa Varietas Lokal dan Unggul dengan Media Polibag https://jurnalpertanianumpar.com/index.php/jgt/article/view/1145 <p><em>Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is a commercial crop that plays a role in the economy. Tobacco productivity can be increased by optimizing existing land. One component of tobacco cultivation that supports tobacco growth is the availability of quality planting material. The aims of this research are 1) To determine the growth response of tobacco plant seeds in several local and superior varieties and 2) To determine the growth rate of tobacco plant seeds in several local and superior varieties. It was carried out at the Experimental Garden of the Faculty of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Fisheries from June to September 2023. The design used was a non-factorial randomized block design repeated 3 times, each treatment consisting of 4 samples. The treatments tested were 4 varieties of tobacco, namely Ico Lalo</em><em> (V1), Ico Tempo</em><em> (V2), Kemloko</em><em> (</em><em>V3), and Prancak-95</em><em> (</em><em>V4), so there were 48 experimental units. The results of the research showed that the Kemloko 1 variety had the best seed growth for observed characters, namely plant height, 10,425 cm; stem height, 2,943 cm; leaf length, 6,475 cm; and leaf width, 4,483 cm. The description of the kemloko 1 variety shows that the level of location specificity is better than that of superior and local varieties according to the observed characteristics, namely plant height, stem height, leaf length, and leaf width.</em></p> Sri Nur Qadri Mayasari Yamin Dzulkifli Darwis Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL GALUNG TROPIKA http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-26 2023-12-26 12 3 400 407 10.31850/jgt.v12i3.1145