Pertumbuhan Eksplan Pisang Cavendish Tahap Subkultur dengan Penambahan Bahan Organik pada Media Murashige and Skoog

Authors

  • Muhammad Radif Ashabi Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran
  • Sutini Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran
  • Widiwurjani Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31850/jgt.v13i1.1193

Keywords:

coconut water, sprout extract, explants, cavendish banana

Abstract

The productivity of cavendish bananas needs to be increased to meet the large export demand. Tissue culture techniques can produce large quantities of good-quality seedlings. This technique can use organic materials such as coconut water and bean sprout extract, which are easy to obtain at a relatively low price. This study aims to determine the effect of using coconut water and bean sprout extract on the growth of cavendish banana explants in vitro. This experiment was prepared using a completely random design (CRD) consisting of 12 treatments, namely coconut water and bean sprout extract, with concentrations of 7.5%, 10%, 12.5%, 15%, 17.5%, and 20%, respectively. The results showed that the use of coconut water was better than bean sprout extract. Treatment with coconut water at a concentration of 7.5% had the highest average value on the parameters of plantlet length. At a concentration of 12.5%, it had the highest average value on the plantlet length parameter. Meanwhile, in the concentration of coconut water, coconut water has the best concentration of 20% in the number of roots.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Radif Ashabi, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran

Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran

Sutini, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran

Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran

Widiwurjani, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran

Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran

References

Alpriyan, Dimas, Anna S. T. K. (2018). Pengaruh Konsentrasi dan Lama Perendaman Auksin Pada Bibit Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.). J. Produksi Tanaman, 6 (7): 1354-1362.

Asra, Revis., Ririn A., dan Mariana S. (2020). Hormon Tumbuhan. Jakarta. UKI Press.

Astutik. 2008. Penggunaan Air Kelapa dalam Media Kultur Jaringan Pisang. Buana Sains, 8 (1): 67 – 72.

Avivi, Sholeh. (2022). Pengaruh BAP, IAA, dan Jenis Eksplan terhadap Efisiensi Regenerasi Tomat Fortuna 23. J. Agron. Indonesia, 50 (3): 307-314.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2021). Produksi Tanaman Buah-Buahan Tahun 2021. https://www.bps.go.id/indicator/55/62/1/produksi-tanaman-buah-buahan.html. Diakses pada tanggal 14 Januari 2023.

Basri, Arie Hapsani Hasan. (2016). Kajian Pemanfaatan Kultur Jaringan Dalam Perbanyakan Tanaman Bebas Virus. Agrica Ekstensia, 10 (1).

Herawati, Desy., Mukarlina, Zulfa Z. (2021). Multiplikasi Anggrek Dendrobium sp. dengan penambahan Ekstrak Jagung (Zea mays) dan Napthalaene Acetic Acid (NAA) Secara In Vitro. Jurnal Biologi Makassar: Volume 6 nomor 1.

Jufri, Nirwana., Abdullah., Devi S. (2014). The Use of Bean Sprout Extract as Supplement for the Growth of Plaintain Unti Sayang (Musa paradisiaca L.) by Tissue Culture. Journal of Agricultural Studies, 2 (1): 99 – 106.

Kristina, N.N., Fatimah, S.S. (2012). Pengaruh Air Kelapa terhadap Multiplikasi Tunas in Vitro Produksi Rimpang, dan Kandungan Xanthotthizol Temulawak Di Lapangan. Jurnal Littri: 18 (3), 125-134.

Nurana, Adinda Rizki., Gede W., Rindang D. (2017). Pengaruh 2-iP dan NAA terhadap Pertumbuhan Plantlet Anggrek Dendrobium Hibrida pada Tahap Subkultur. Agrotop, 7 (2): 139 – 146.

Setianingsih, Resti. (2022). Kecepatan Waktu Tumbuh Tunas Eksplan Tulang Daun Duku (Lansium domesticum Corr.) pada Kultur Jaringan Menggunakan Hormon Benzyl Amino Purin. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi 2022. UIN Raden Fatah Palembang.

Supriyanto., Kaka E. Prakasa. (2011). Pengaruh Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Rootone-F Terhadap Pertumbuhan Stek Duabanga mollucana. Blume. JURNAL SILVIKULTUR TROPIKA Vol. 03 No. 01.

Tini, Etik W., Sakhidin. (2022). Kandungan Hormon Endogenous pada Tanaman Hortikultura. Jurnal Galung Tropika, 11 (2), 132 – 142.

Tuwo, Mustika., Baharuddin., Andi Ilham L., Masniawati., Tutik K. (2021). Effect of Organic Growth Supplements on In Vitro Shoot Regeneration of Banana cv. Barangan Musa acuminata Colla. Journal of Biological Sciences, 8 (1): 124-130.

Voora, Viviek., Cristina L., Steffany B. (2020). Global Market Report: Banana. International Institute for Sustainable Development (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/378140382_Global_Market_Report_Banana).

Published

29-04-2024

Issue

Section

Articles