REVIEW: PILAR DAN MODEL PERTANAMAN BERKELANJUTAN DI INDONESIA

Rusdi Evizal, Fembriarti Erry Prasmatiwi

Abstract


Sistem pertanaman berkelanjutan merupakan bagian dari sistem pertanian berkelanjutan dalam arti yang lebih luas. Beberapa pilar sistem pertanaman berkelanjutan yang umum diterapkan di Indonesia seperti suksesi vegetasi, sistem polikultur, pola tanam, rotasi tanaman, pemberoan dibahas dalam ulasan ini. Selanjutnya, dilakukan analisis terhadap model sistem pertanaman berkelanjutan (1) berdasarkan perkebunan kopi naungan yang banyak diterapkan di perkebunan kopi Indonesia, (2) berdasarkan lansekap budidaya pertanian di Provinsi Bali yang dikenal dengan sistem Subak yang telah didaftar oleh UNESCO sebagai situs warisan dunia, dan (3) berdasarkan pada perkebunan karet agroforest yang merupakan kearifan lokal Sumatera dan Kalimantan.


Sustainable cropping systems are part of a sustainable agricultural system in a broader sense. Some of the pillars of sustainable cropping systems commonly applied in Indonesia, such as vegetation succession, polyculture systems, cropping patterns, crop rotation, are discussed in this review. Furthermore, an analysis of the sustainable cropping system model was carried out: (1). Based on shade coffee plantations that are widely applied in Indonesian coffee plantations, (2). Based on the agricultural cultivation landscape in Bali Province known as the Subak system, which UNESCO has registered as a world heritage site, (3). Based on agroforest rubber plantations which are the local wisdom of Sumatra and Kalimantan

 


Keywords


Agroforest; berkelanjutan; karet; kopi; Subak.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31850/jgt.v10i1.721

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