PENGARUH PANJANG JARING PUKAT CINCIN TERHADAP HASIL TANGKAPAN NELAYAN DI PERAIRAN UTARA ACEH

Makwiyah A. Chaliluddin, Alvi Rahmah, Fauzi Syahputra, Muqtamar Effendi, Nasruddin M Jalil, Fitri Indah Yani

Abstract


Penelitian ini dilaksanakan selama satu tahun yang dibagi dalam 4 triwulan, Rataan dari masing triwulan dijadikan sebagai ulangan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui komposisi hasil tangkapan pukat cincin dan pengaruh panjang pukat cincin terhadap hasil tangkapan nelayan di perairan utara Aceh. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah pukat cincin yang mempunyai panjang 800 m, 900 m, 1000 m dan 1200 m. Komposisi hasil tangkapan nelayan selama penelitian adalah cakalang, tongkol, lemuru, dan layang. Hasil uji dengan menggunakan ANOVA pada perlakuan kelompok panjang pukat cincin didapat nilai Fhitung = 40,275 atau signifikan = 0,000. Sedangkan uji anova pada ulangan mendapatkan nilai Fhitung = 1,623 atau nilai signifikansinya = 0,082, artinya panjang pukat cincin 1200 meter berpengaruh nyata terhadap hasil tangkapan nelayan, sedangkan banyaknya ulangan yaitu waktu pengamatan sepanjang satu tahun penelitian tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap hasil tangkapan nelayan.

  

This research was conducted for one year, which was divided into 4 quarters. The average of each quarter was used as a replication. This study aimed to determine the composition of purse seine catch and the effect of the length of the purse seine on the catch of fishers in the waters of northern Aceh. The sample in this research is purse seine which has a length of 800 m, 900 m, 1000 m, and 1200 m. The composition of the fishermen's catch during the study was skipjack, mackerel, lemuru, and layang. The test results using ANOVA in the treatment of the ring seine length group obtained the value of F-count = 40.275 or significant = 0.000. The ANOVA test on replications obtained a value of F-count = 1.623 or a significance value = 0.082, meaning that the length of the 1200 meter seine had a significant effect on the fishermen's catch, while the number of replications, namely the observation time during the study year, had no significant effect on the fishermen's catch.

 


Keywords


pukat cincin; panjang jaring; perairan utara Aceh.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31850/jgt.v10i1.738

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